Former New York Employee of a Financial Institution (JP Morgan Chase) Pleads Guilty for His Role in Fraud Conspiracy Involving Municipal Bonds

WASHINGTON—A former JP Morgan Chase employee pleaded guilty today for his participation in a conspiracy related to municipal bonds, the Department of Justice announced.

According to the plea proceeding held today in the U.S. District Court in Manhattan, Alexander Wright, a resident of New York City, engaged in a fraud conspiracy in the municipal finance industry. According to court documents, the New York-based financial institution that employed Wright as a vice president of the municipal derivatives marketing group was a provider of investment agreements as well as other municipal finance contracts to public entities. Public entities seek to invest money from a variety of sources, primarily the proceeds of municipal bonds that they issue, to raise money for, among other things, public projects. Public entities typically hire a broker to conduct a competitive bidding process for the award of the investment agreements and often for other municipal finance contracts.

The department said in court documents that from approximately June 12, 2002, until approximately June 20, 2002, Wright participated in a fraud conspiracy with former executives from another financial institution, among others. One of the co-conspirators acted as the broker for a municipal finance contract, which was to be competitively bid. The co-conspirator gave Wright information about the prices or price levels of competitors’ bids, a practice known as a “last look.” The co-conspirator signaled Wright to change his bid to a specific number so that Wright’s employer could make more money. Wright and his co-conspirators represented to the municipal issuer that the bidding process was competitive when, in fact, it was not. The department said that, as a result of the bid manipulation, Wright’s employer won the contract at an artificially inflated price, which, since the issuer paid a higher price for the contract, deprived the municipal issuer of money and property.

“By engaging in non-competitive practices, such as sharing confidential bidding information, the co-conspirators undermined the integrity of the municipal bond market and deprived the bond issuer of a fair and competitive price,” said Scott D. Hammond, Deputy Assistant Attorney General of the Antitrust Division’s Criminal Enforcement Program. “Today’s guilty plea demonstrates our continued efforts to hold accountable those who subvert the competitive process in our financial markets.”

The conspiracy to commit wire fraud for which Wright is charged carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison and a $250,000 criminal fine. The maximum fine for this offense may be increased to twice the gain derived from the crime or twice the loss suffered by the victims of the crime, if either of those amounts is greater than the statutory maximum fine.

“The type of bid-rigging scheme Wright and his co-conspirators participated in not only deprives the municipal issuer of a fair and just bidding process but weakens the public’s trust in the municipal bond market,” said Janice K. Fedarcyk, Assistant Director in Charge of the FBI in New York. “Today’s guilty plea is proof of our continued determination to root out those whose business practices contribute to the deterioration of healthy competition in the financial markets.”

“This guilty plea is another step in our efforts to clean up the fraudulent practices in the municipal bond market,” said Internal Revenue Service-Criminal Investigation (IRS-CI) Chief Richard Weber. “IRS Criminal Investigation will continue to provide financial investigative assistance to ensure individuals are held accountable for their criminal behavior.”

The charges announced today resulted from an ongoing investigation conducted by the Antitrust Division’s New York and Chicago Field Offices, the FBI, and IRS-CI. The division is coordinating its investigation with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

To date, 12 individuals and one company have pleaded guilty to charges stemming from the ongoing investigation. In May 2012, a federal jury in the Southern District of New York convicted Dominick Carollo, Steven Goldberg, and Peter Grimm of multiple counts involving similar fraud conspiracies after a four-week trial. Three other former executives of a financial institution were indicted on December 9, 2010, for participating in fraud schemes and conspiracies related to the bidding for investment agreements, and they are awaiting trial, which is scheduled to begin in Manhattan on July 30, 2012.

See, JP Morgan Chase Admits to Anticompetitive Conduct by Former Employees in the Municipal Bond Investments Market and Agrees to Pay $228 Million to Federal and State Agencies.

See also, Criminal Pattern For JP Morgan Chase?